Machinery (robots) which perform tasks typically performed by human beings is robotics, design, construction, and use. In industries such as automotive manufacturing, robots are commonly used to perform simple repetitive tasks, and in industries where work must be done in conditions hazardous to humans. Artificial intelligence is involved in many areas of robotics; robots can be equipped with the equivalent of human senses, such as vision, touch, and the capacity to sense temperature. Some are even capable of basic decision-making, and current robotics research is aimed at developing robots with a degree of self-sufficiency that in an unstructured environment would enable mobility and decision-making. Industrial robots of today do not imitate human beings; a robot is called an android in human form.
At the interface of computer science and engineering, robotics is an interdisciplinary research area. Robotics covers the design, development, operation and use of robots. The accomplishments of software engineering, computer engineering, mechanical engineering, electronic engineering, and others are focused on robotics.
Robotics develops software that can replace people and replicate human behavior. Robots can be used in many circumstances and for many purposes, but today many are used in dangerous environments (including inspection of radioactive materials, detection and deactivation of bombs), manufacturing processes, or in environments where humans are unable to survive (e.g. in space, underwater, high heat, and hazardous materials and radiation clean-up and containment). Robots can take any shape, but in appearance, some are designed to imitate humans. In such replicative actions normally done by humans, this is said to assist in embracing a robot. Rolling, lifting, voice, intellect, or some other human behavior was attempted to replicate such robots. Many of the robots of today are inspired by nature, contributing to the bio-inspired robotics field.
- Types of Robotic
There are many kinds of robots; they are used for many different uses and in many different situations.
- Robots all have some sort of mechanical design, a frame, form or shape designed to accomplish a specific task. A robot designed to fly over heavy dirt or mud, for instance, may use caterpillar tracks. The mechanical component is more the creator’s approach to completing the assigned mission and dealing with the mechanics of the world around it.
- Robots have electrical components that power the machinery and regulate it. For example, some kind of power will be needed for the robot with caterpillar tracks to move the trackertreads. The power comes in the form of electricity, a simple electrical circuit, which will have to pass through a wire and source from a battery. Also petrol-powered machines that get their power primarily from petrol also need an electric current to start the combustion process, which is why batteries are available for most petrol-powered devices, such as automobiles. The electrical component of robots is used for motion (through motors), sensing (where electrical signals are used to measure items such as heat, sound, location, and energy status) and operation (in order to enable and perform basic operations, robots need some amount of electrical energy supplied to their motors and sensors).